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Pesquisa Científica

v. 22 n. 61 (2013): ROBRAC

Effects of abutment taper on the uniaxial retention force of cement retained implant restorations

setembro 1, 2013
setembro 12, 2013


Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the bond strength of metallic crowns cemented to straight and angled customizable abutments with zinc phosphate. Material and Method: Thirty-nine external hex analogs and abutments were divided in group S: customizable straight abutment (n = 10), group A17 with 17° angled abutment (n = 10) and group A30 with 30° angled abutment (n = 10) all cemented with zinc phosphate. The metal copings were cemented onto their corresponding metal dies according manufacture guidelines.  Data from the all groups were compared with a 1-way ANOVA (α=.05) and Tukey’s test. SEM evaluation were performed (n = 3) aiming to investigate microscopic features of the abutment-cement-crown interfaces. Results: The mean force (SD) required to dislodge the crowns in the S, A17 and A30 groups was 357.26 (62.21) N; 251.50 (20.13) N and 276.70 (17.96) N respectively. The Tukey test (p <0.05) revealed a significant statistically differences between the groups (p =.002) and the 17° angled abutment and 30° angled abutment group were statistically similar to each other and different from the group of straight abutments. Zinc phosphate showed an inhomogeneous cement line in SEM analysis. Conclusions: Within the limitations of this study, it can be conclude that the available surface area and convergence of the abutments axial walls of the straight abutments positively influenced bond strength in metallic crowns cemented with zinc phosphate.